When the bone that connects the two joints of the spinal segment gets fractured, the vertebral body gets displaced forward as compared to the rest of the structure. This condition is known as the isthmic spondylolisthesis. The bone can get fractured by any reason. It is a very thin bone and do not get adequate blood supply from the body. Hence it is not able to tolerate the stress and become susceptible to fracture. In most of the cases, it is because of the high pressure laid on the bone. Many a times the injury goes unnoticed especially if it has taken place at the young age of 5 to 7. It shows up its symptoms in the adulthood only. The situation may occur in adults also. The individuals involved in any kind of sports activity such as athletics or weight lifting are quite vulnerable to the problem. However, no case of this bone fracture has been reported in the new born so far. That means, this is not a congenital issue and no person is born with it.
Isthmic Spondylolisthesis In Adults
Many cases of isthmic spondylolisthesis are reported by the individuals in their late forties. As the person grows old, his spine gradually starts to wear out. And hence becomes vulnerable to the displacement. The bone that joins the spinal segment has the mere purpose of keeping the disc free from the shear force. When these joints get fractured, the disc is forced to withstand the shear forces and hence ends up in problems like severe back ache and pain in legs.
Isthmic Spondylolisthesis in Adolescents
The problem of back ache is more common in adolescents involved in vigorous physical activities. However, the issue resolves it self with time and do not require any medical help. A little more rest and a healthy life style helps a lot in keeping the problem at the bay. However, if the problem persists, a little medical help is beneficial. The severity of the problem can be measured via X-ray only.
Treatments For Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
The lower grade displacement is taken care of via oral medication and non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs. With the proper course of medication, the physical exercises like stretching are of great help but should be taken under doctor’s advice only. To get the instant relief from the high grade excruciating back pain, injections are recommended. However, they may give you relief for a while but are not the solution to the ailment.